Bud-burst earlier than normal and first flowers around May 25th-26th. Beginning of June hot and dry: rapid and very homogeneous flowering.
Cool and humid weather from June 9th. July dry and hot with only little sunshine. Quick and homogenous veraison.
The weather remained hot and dry for the whole of August and the first week of September. Overall, September substantially cooler than normal with only little sun. Quite a lot of irregular precipitation.
The distinguishing feature of 1993 was the thick skins with a great phenolic concentration and a good extractability of the tannins and the anthocyanins
Second cru classé en 1855
AREA UNDER VINES : 82 ha
SOIL : Garonne gravel from the first quaternary, settled more than 600 000 years ago